The Gideon was featured in the episodes "Resistance" and "Final Cut". It was the cargo vessel which became the focus of attention once martial law was imposed upon the fleet. When the Gideon crew refused to resupply Galactica, Col. Tigh ordered the cargo to be taken by force, which resulted in bloodshed. The media termed the event "The Gideon Massacre".
The ship's name comes from a character in the Holy Bible; Gideon was a judge in the Book of Judges.